Eco-worms, lombricomposteur d'appartement fabriqué en France

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THE VERMICOMPOSTING

Vermicomposting is a technique using a natural and ecological processes consisting in placing in a container worms that feed on organic waste that we bring to them regularly when preparing meals.
Vermicompost is an amendment rich in nutrients for plants (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium and magnesium).
What worms used for vermicomposting?
Oral cavity, Pharynx, Ventral nerve cord, Seminal receptacle, Ventral blood vessel, Nephridia, Gizzard, Dorsal blood vessel, Jabot, Seminal vesicles, Lateral heart, Esophagus, Cerebral ganglia
Épigés represents approximately 1 % of the lombrician biomass of the ground.
In artificial environment, Eisenia can live more than year. It reproduces very fast. A single worm can have a family of 500 descendants in one year.
The Eco Worms also produce a liquid rich in nutrients, minerals and trace elements derived primarily from the water contained in food waste (approximately 80% of their mass).

Vermicomposting is a technique using a natural and ecological processes consisting in placing in a container worms that feed on organic waste that we bring to them regularly when preparing meals. These worms eat up the equivalent of their weight per day of organic material and reduce by 5 the initial volume they have absorbed. After a period of digestion,worms reject a field devoid of smell, the consistency of a soil called vermicompost.

Vermicompost is an amendment rich in nutrients for plants (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium and magnesium). It improves aeration, soil structure and increases its ability to retain water. Its pH is relatively neutral. Plants receiving vermicompost are more productive and generally more resistant to disease. This compost is used in the garden, before digging, by spreading on the floor to a height of 3mm and for planting in pots by mixing 1 / 3 of vermicompost to 2 / 3 of ground.

The Eco Worms also produce a liquid rich in nutrients, minerals and trace elements derived primarily from the water contained in food waste (approximately 80% of their mass). Also called “worms tea“ the liquid is recovered in the lower conical Eco Worms. This liquid fertilizer is used, diluted in 10 parts water for watering plants.


What worms used for vermicomposting?
There are two types of worms:
The worm that lives underground (in the ecological category of endogés) is found in more than 20 cm under the ground. The most common is the "Lombricus terrestris", or "laborer worms." This is the one encountered when gardening. He only eats humus already decomposed by the soil microfauna. The worm aerates the soil by tunneling. It is not suitable for vermiculture.
The worm that lives on the surface (in the ecologicalcategory epigés): it lives in the topsoil, less than 20 cm deep. This type of worm that is used for vermicomposting. One that interests us most is part of the case "Eisenia".
In this family worm Eisenia, we must distinguish between:
-The worm Eisenia andrei or the lively red worm California feeding on fresh organic matter.
-The Eisenia foetida or manure worms yellow striped color that feeds on organic matter during decomposition.

Often used for vermicomposting Eisenia foetida lives in quiet and in darkness at a temperature around 20 ° C. It is found naturally in the
leaf litter, compost or manure. Eisenia adult weighs between 0.3 and 0.5 grams and measuring 7 to 9 cm long.

This worm does not have eyes to guide through the light-sensitive organs. His body is made up of rings called segments. They are surrounded by longitudinal muscles and circular muscles. To move forward, the earthworm contracts its circular muscles and stretches her body. Each segment is covered with short hairs on the ventral side helping him to move. The circulatory system consists of a large contractile dorsal vessel where the blood is propelled forward. Five hearts side take up the blood and send it back in a ventral vessel. The digestive tract is quite developed. The Eisenia adult (8 weeks) is able to swallow its weight per day in organic matter. Lacking lungs, Eisenia breathes through its skin still wet and sticky, which allows the passage of oxygen.


Oral cavity: entrance of the digestive tract of the worm.
Pharynx: part of the digestive tract of the worm located from the mouth.
Ventral nerve cord: all the nerves of the stomach worm.
Seminal receptacle: the seed pocket on the worm.
Ventral blood vessel: vessel carrying blood.
Nephridia: body of the worm acts as the kidneys.
Gizzard: bag used for stomach worm.
Dorsal blood vessel: vessel carrying blood.
Jabot: swelling of the esophagus of an earthworm.
Seminal vesicles: small hollow organs on the seed of the worm.
Lateral heart: blood-pumping organ of the earthworm.
Esophagus: part of the digestive tract of the worm located between the pharynx and the crop.
Cerebral ganglia: the worm's brain.

The épigées species, living on the surface of the ground, are the most exposed to the climatic changes, to the predation and to the cultural operations (work of the ground, the pesticides); these species are consequently rather rare in cultivated environment.

Épigés represents approximately 1 % of the lombrician biomass of the ground.

This worm is hermaphrodite, what means that it possesses as well the male organs as the female organs. Nevertheless, the coupling is made between two worms positioning top-to-tail and due to this fact, juxtaposing their organs. One week after the coupling, form cocoons. In each of these cocoons will develop on average three small worms. By moving the litter of worms we perceive these cocoons, goes out of small brown-yellow bead. The hatching of cocoons takes place at the end of three weeks.

In artificial environment, Eisenia can live more than year. It reproduces very fast. A single worm can have a family of 500 descendants in one year.