Compost worms speed up the composting process.
New worm bin owners tend to make mistakes. But once you've mastered composting, you'll adopt it!
Reducing waste, saving the planet, and creating free fertilizer make worm composting useful. Your children might even adopt worms as pets.
But watch out for the five most common mistakes.
Error #1: Poor temperature management: Too hot or too cold
Compost worms must be at an ideal temperature. Litter and the worm bin help to regulate the temperature. When the outside temperature is below 12 degrees the worms slow down.
When the temperature is below 0 degrees the worms can die.
Above 30 degrees the worms can cook.
The location of the bins should be considered as this is one of the main problems. You can regulate the temperature by using insulation, ice or blankets.
Error #2: Giving your worms the wrong food
Worms need a healthy diet of small pieces. Whole vegetables or melon skin halves will take far too long to decompose. Processed food, pieces of meat, spicy foods, oil, yoghurt, fruit such as pineapple and tomato pieces are not recommended.
Non-food items are also not recommended.
Sweet fruits and vegetables are the ideal composition for worm trays.
Cereals, coffee grounds, bread, tea bags and pasta are good food for worms.
Animal hair is compostable.
Shredded newspaper can be added in moderation.
Broken eggshells provide calcium.
All waste should be small. Large waste should be cut into small pieces as it decomposes faster. It also helps to reduce odours.
Error n°3: not managing the humidity of the litter well: too dry, too wet.
If the tray is too damp, this can leave an unpleasant odour and the worms can drown.
If the tray is too dry, the worms can no longer breathe, become dehydrated and cannot effectively break through the tunnels.
To simply check the moisture level of the tray is to pick up a handful of the tray and squeeze it. If water comes out, the worm is too wet. Ideally, the litter in the tray should feel like a wrung out sponge.
Error no. 4: Forget to collect the compost.
For some people, collecting compost is not their priority, even though it is an important part of composting.
Collecting compost is simply separating the worms and the "worm cast": compost, your black gold.
Compost can be harvested whenever it is full, usually at the beginning and end of the growing season and also if the worms have been in the bin for three months.
Error No. 5: Overfeeding the compost :
New owners of worm composters tend to be over-enthusiastic.... they throw all the available waste into their compost bin, but the worms can't keep up, and usually the compost bin starts to smell bad!
Worms eat about their weight in pieces every day. But this number may be lower depending on the outside temperature and other factors. The best method is to feed them every 2 to 3 days.
Pay attention to the amount. Over time you will know how much food they can eat.